A person with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) has kidney damage with a moderate decrease in theglomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 30-59 ml/min. As kidney function declines waste products can build up in the blood causing a condition known as “uremia.” In stage 3 a person is more likely to develop complications of kidney disease such as high blood pressure, anemia (a shortage of red blood cells) and/or early bone disease.
Causes of kidney failrue
Chronic renal failure can be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure or other long-term diseases that place prolonged strain on the kidneys. Due to its long-term progression, chronic renal failure is most likely to occur in people middle-aged and older. Certain cancers, auto immune disorders and obstructions to the urinary tract are also contributing factors to renal failure.
Symptoms of stage 3 kidney failrue
Fatigue: Feeling tired is common for people with CKD and is often caused by anemia.
Too much fluid: The kidneysmay lose their ability to control how much fluid stays in the body. A person may notice swelling (edema) in their lower legs, hands or face around the eyes. With too much fluid someone could even feel short of breath.
Urination changes: Urine may be foamy if there is protein in it, or dark orange, brown, tea colored or red if it contains blood. A person may urinate more or less, or get up at night to go to the bathroom.
In addition to eating right and taking prescribed medicines, exercising regularly and notsmoking are helpful to prolonging kidney health. Patients should talk to their doctors about an exercise plan. Doctors can also provide tips on how to stop smoking.
People in Stage 3 CKD will usually visit their doctor every 3-6 months. Blood tests for creatinine, hemoglobin, calcium and phosphorus levels will be performed to see how well the kidneys are functioning. The doctor will also monitor other conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
There is no cure for kidney disease, but it may be possible to stop its progress or at least slow down the damage. In many cases, the correct treatment and lifestyle changes can help keep a person and their kidneys healthier longer.